CENTRAL KALIMANTAN, LAND OF THE DAYAKS
Banten is one of the youngest provinces in Indonesia and also one of the richest. Formerly part of the West Java Province it was separated in 2000 and made a separate province, in accordance with the decision of Act No. 23 of 2000. Situated in west Java it can be reached about an hour from Jakarta, and is small and serene compared to the bustling capital city.
The province has numerous attractions for tourists, from beaches, coastal resorts, busy cities and quaint towns, all spread around its four regencies and within its main municipalities of Cilegon, Serang (the capital city), Tangerang and South Tangerang. It has its own unique culture and language, both called Sundanese that is also used to call its people.
Geography: The province is bordered by West and East Kalimantan provinces to the North, by the Java Sea to the South, by South and East Kalimantan provinces to the East, and by West Kalimantan province to West.
Climate: Wet weather, with an eight-month rainy season and four months of dry season. Rainfall is between 2,776mm to 3,393mm per year with an average of 145 rainy days annually.
PLACES TO GO, THINGS TO DO
This is the capital city of Central Kalimantan. The city is famous for its local dishes – patin bakar (grilled river fish), nasi kuning (yellow rice) and sop rotan (rattan soup). Must visits are Museum Balanga to get a good insight into Kalimantan cultures and the citys two traditional market – Pasar Besar (big market) and Pasar Kahayan – which offer many types of goods. These markets are the place to go for people to get their food supplies such as rice, meats, fishes, vegetables, spices etc.
Tangkiling Hill is a group of eight stone hills about 43 kms from Palangkaraya and located in Banturung Village. The panoramic views from the hills of the surrounding area are worth making the 30-minute trip from Palangkaraya.
The town is the entry point for visiting Tanjung Puting National Park, which is accessible by speedboat or the local klotok boat. The Park is a 400,000 ha conservation area with a wide variety of ecosystems, including tropical heath forest, peat swamp forest and mangrove forest. It is also the habitat of over 200 bird species, 17 reptile species and 29 mammal species. Nine of Borneos primate species are found in the park, including about 2,000 orangutans, and it is one of the few remaining habitats for this endangered animal. The area was declared a national park in 1982. It is also recognised as a world Biosphere Reserve by the United Nations and forms the largest prote cted area of swamp forest in South-East Asia.
Situated on the Sampit River and the capital of Sampit regency, the town is the biggest timber port in Kalimantan, as well as in Indonesia. A common sight here are sawmills, which process the timber for export. There are also many interesting tourism attractions: Pandaran Beach, a park on the seaside at the mouth of the Sampit River; the Orchid Park of Pembuangan Hulu, a natural forest where a number of rare and beautiful orchid varieties grow.
This town is the capital of the Kapuas regency, south of Palangkaraya, on the Kapuas River 40 kms from Banjarmasin. A well-known tourism attraction is Telo Island, a fishing village and port. For the adventurers, white water rafters and nature lovers there is Gohong Rawai, which is known for its beautiful and challenging rapids. The gold mines of Teweh and Batu Api in Rungan district are also interesting places to visit. Gold mining is a major source of livelihood for the people in the region and they pan for the metal using old traditional methods.