A unique festival dedicated to Sang Hyang Rare Angon, the God of Cattle and Livestock.
Hindus in Bali honour household livestock during the festival of Tumpek Kandang, which is dedicated to Sang Hyang Rare Angon, the God of Cattle and Livestock.
Also known as Tumpek Andang, the festival falls on every Saniscara (Saturday) Pon Wuku Uye according to the Balinese calendar, which combines calculations of the lunar and solar calendars with the indigenous local calendar of Pawukon and Wewaran. Lunar and solar calendars are based on the movement of celestial bodies, while Pawukon and Wewaran are based on a fixed, cyclical pattern.
Tumpek Kandang is derived from two words, "Tumpek", which means Saturday, and "Kandang", the Balinese word for household animals such as cows, pigs, chickens, ducks, dogs, and birds – all of which are highly valued by Balinese Hindus.
On this day Balinese make special offerings and prayers to show their appreciation for all domesticated animals, which help them in their daily life, with special offerings and prayers.
The animals are given special treatment. Cows in Bali receive more attention than other animals because they assist farmers in ploughing the rice fields. They are washed and dressed up, and have special cone shaped spiral of coconut leaves placed on their horns.
The pigs are usually decorated with a white cloth wrapping their bellies.
The animals are then fed with special foods and sprinkled with rice and holy water.
The Balinese celebrates Tumpek Kandang to preserve nature, balance the ecosystem and maintain harmonious relations between humans, the environment and God in line with the Hindu belief of Tri Hita Karana. Through this celebration, they expect the livestock will bring them more prosperity.